What is hard water? Hard Water is water that contains high mineral content. It is formed when water percolates through deposits of limestone, chalk or gypsum which are largely made up of calcium and magnesium carbonates, bicarbonates and sulfates. Hard water causes limescale to build-up in pipes and in household appliances. They also leave stains on glassware such as your shower screen and windows making the glass surface look dull and dirty. If you are struggling to get rid of hard water stains, here are 6 simple remedies to eradicate hard water stain using ingredients that you already have in your house without wasting money on buying special cleansers.
1. Baking Soda
Prepare a mixture of baking soda and water to form a paste. Apply the paste to the affected area using a sponge and let it the paste sit for about a minute or two then lightly scrub it away in a circular motion. Avoid using hard brushes as they can damage the glass.
2. White Vinegar and Lemon
Make a mixture of 50% white vinegar and 50% lemon juice then pour in in a spray bottle. Spray the mixture to the affected area and clean it as usual. You can also soak glassware and smaller item into the acid bath for several hours. Vinegar and lemon juice contain a high amount of acidity that can break down the minerals in hard water without the need for scrubbing.
3. Hydrogen Peroxide
Hydrogen Peroxide is great cleaning tool for the bathroom. Pour the chemical directly onto the hard water stains and allow it to sit for 30 minutes. After 30 minutes, wash the peroxide away with soapy water. You can also make the peroxide stronger by adding some baking soda to it.
Using your regular cleaning products, add some ammonia or white vinegar into it. Spray the mixture to the affected area and give it a good scrub. However, do not mix any ammonia with hydrogen peroxide or bleach as they will generate toxic chloramine vapor that causes lung irritation.
White toothpaste is an effective way to remove hard water stains. Just apply some white toothpaste to the hard water stains and let it sit for a while. Then, gently brush or scrub the area and rinse it away with water.
6. Citrus Oils
Citrus oil such as lemon or orange essential oil can be used to remove hard water stains. Damp sponge or cloth with warm water and apply a few drops of citrus essential oil to the sponge or cloth. Scrub the surface and repeat the same procedure until all the stains are removed. The acidic properties in citrus as mentioned earlier help to fight the mineral deposit while the oil can prevent later water build up on the surface.