Picking the color of the paint for your interior space is easy, however, it is just the beginning. Before you venture into the makeover of your interior space, it is important to choose the right type of paint. The type of paint finishes you choose can create a great impact on the style of your interior space. Making a false decision will potentially incur repair and damage costs in the future. The more you understand about the type of paint and the effect it can achieve, the easier it is for you to make the right selection.
Water-based paint is also known as latex paint. However, this does not mean that the actual latex is used in the paint. Instead of latex, acrylic resins or vinyl are used. Water-based paint is the most easily accessible type of paint in the market.
Advantages of water-based paints include:
- Low Volatile Organic Compounds
- Pre-treatment is not requires
- No mildew growth
- Easy clean up with water
- Fast drying
- Elastic and flexible finish resistant to cracking
- Can be used on almost all surfaces
- Stable color and do not fade over time
The main ingredient for oil-based paints is usually a synthetic alkyd or natural oils such as linseed oil. This type of paint takes longer to dry but they can withstand routine contact making them ideal choices for exterior house painting jobs. Nonetheless, oil-based paint contains high Volatile Organic Compounds hence it emits strong fumes. The paint cannot be washed with water and solvents such as turpentine are necessary for removing unwanted paint or washing brushes.
Advantages of oil-based paints include:
- High durability
- More resistance to low temperature and high moisture
- Longer dry time making them good for molding and fixes
- Provide good coverage
- Smooth application
- Richer in color and finishes
Enamel paints available in both water-based and oil-based. Paints come with the word “enamel” indicate that the paint has incredible durability and able to withstand a lot of abuse. This type of paint is easier to clean and rarely requires retouching making it an excellent choice to be applied on areas such as the kitchen wall. It can be applied using a paint roller or brush and offer a matte visual effect.
5 Common Type of Paint Finishes
After deciding what type of paint you want to use for your wall, you need to select the appropriate finishes for the wall surfaces. It is feasible to mix and match different types of interior wall paint to create impact and texture within a scheme. What type of paint finishing you should choose depending on the desired amount of shine, ambiance, and durability you want.
Matte finish is known as flat finish. It has the lowest reflectivity hence they are useful to cover cracks or imperfections on the walls and ceilings. Matte paints are easy to apply but they usually required more than a single coat to create a good solid color. This type of paint offers wide depth of color and provides a velvety texture.
As the name implies, eggshell finish have velvety appearance like an eggshell. It offers an extremely subtle shine but without a similar smoothness as a satin finish. Due to the fact that it provides a low luster, an eggshell finish is commonly used for moderate traffic areas such as bedrooms and hallways. Paint with eggshell finish can usually cover the wall well with a single coat.
3. Satin Finish
Satin finish is ideal for moderate to high traffic space as they are easy to clean. The light reflectivity of this type of finishes falls somewhere between the matte and gloss finish. Satin finish provides a smooth pearl-like appearance and soft sheen. It is not recommended to apply a satin finish where there are imperfections as the satin finish will make the imperfections more visible.
Semi-gloss paint is popularly used for kitchens, doors, window trim, accent walls, and bathrooms. Semi-gloss paint produces less shine than full gloss paint and has high resistant to dirt, stains, and mildew. It can stand up to multiple cleaning without rubbing off the paint.
Gloss paint can be used on most walls and is one of the most common interior wall paint to can help you make a decorative statement. It takes a longer time to dry and tends to highlight imperfections on the wall as they are the most reflective sheens that provide a shiny surface. Glossy paint is easy to clean hence it is suitable to be used at space that requires frequent cleaning.